|Refuges have fled their homes and country from “a well-founded fear of persecution due to” race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion”, according to the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention. Many refugees are in exile to escape effects of natural or human-made disasters.
Asylum Seekers: Asylum seekers are refugees who’ve fled their homes whose refugee status is not yet definitively evaluated in the country to which they fled.
Internally Displaced Persons (IDP’s): have not crossed an international border but have moved to a different region than their home in their own country.
Stateless Persons: have no recognized nationality and do not belong to any country. Statelessness is usually caused by discrimination against certain groups. Lack of identification such as a citizenship certificate can exclude them from access to government services, including health care, education or employment.
Returnees: refugees who return to their own countries or regions of origin after time in exile. Returnees need continuous support and reintegration assistance to ensure that they can rebuild their lives at home.
Top 10 UNHCR Refugee Facts: https://tinyurl.com/y5542e5d